History

Notes and Milestones on the History of Scouting in Gibraltar.








1987- February. Birth of Robert Baden-Powell
1900- Relief of Mafeking. Baden-Powell uses boys as messengers, Stretcher-bearers, etc, during the siege of Mafeking.

-Baden-Powell publishes "Aids to Scouting" for the military.
1903- Baden-Powell returns to England to a hero's welcome. Baden- Powell finds his publication "Aids to Scouting" is being used by school teachers and youth leaders in addition to the military for whom it was originally intended.

- Baden-Powell rewrites "Aides to Scouting"
1907 - July. Baden-Powell holds an experimental camp for boys on Brownsea Island, off Poole, Dorset.

- First Scout Troops are formed in the United Kingdom.
1908 - January. Baden-Powell publishes "Scouting for Boys" in six fortnightly parts.


- First meeting of the Gibraltar Boys' Brigade
1909 - Sea Scouts started in the United Kingdom.

- Presentation of Colours to the Gibraltar Boys' Brigade.
1910 - January. Major O H. Pedley OBE, Commandant Boys' Brigade, appointed Commissioner of Boy Scouts in Gibraltar.

- February. First hike of Gibraltar Boy Scouts to the Upper Rock.

- June. First Gibraltar Boy Scout Camp at North Front.

- July. Prince Louis of Battenberg impressed with the 1st. Gibraltar Scout Troop and offers Patronage to the Troop. The honour is duly accepted.

- July. First overseas visit of Gibraltar Boy Scouts to Tangier.

- In August the 2nd. Gibraltar Boy Scout Troop is formed by members of the Eastern Telegraph Company (now Cable and Wireless) with William Arthur Adams as Scoutmaster and Edward Bryan Brett as Assistant Scoutmaster.

- The Girl Guides Association is founded in the United Kingdom
1911 - The "Gibraltar Chronicle & Official Gazette" of the 22nd. May, 1911, reports that "His Excellency The Governor of Gibraltar has graciously consented to become the Chief Colonial Scout for Gibraltar".

- The First Empire Day Parade is celebrated by the 1st. and 2nd. Boy Scout Troops and the Boys' Brigade. After the Parade all those taking part in the Parade were treated to breakfast by Mr. John Abrines. This invitation later led to free breakfasts for all Scouts and Guides after every year's Empire Day Parade.

- The Gibraltar Boy Scouts hold first uniformed hike to Spain.

- The 1st. and 2nd. Boy Scout Troops go on their first foreign camp. The camp is held at "El Almendral", San Roque, Spain. Thirty members attend the Camp.

- H.E. The Governor, Lieut. General Sir H S G Miles, becomes the first Chief Colonial Scout for Gibraltar.

- A Patrol of the 1st. Gibraltar Boy Scout Troop attends the Windsor Boy Scout Rally in England.
1912 - On the 26th. January there is a presentation of Colours to the 2nd. Boy Scout Troop by Lady Hunter at Government House. Both Boy Scout Troops and the Boys' Brigade are in Attendance. Money for the Colours were raised by Mr Sprat, The Revd. Murphy and members of the Eastern Telegraph Company. Patrol Leader Cruz received the Colours. The Colours were made by Mrs. and Miss Adams (wife and daughter of the 2nd. Troop's Scoutmaster).

- On the 31st. January the King and Queen visit Gibraltar on the Royal Yacht "Medina". Scouts and Boys' Brigade members line part of the route for the visit.

- The Boy Scouts and the Boys' Brigade in Gibraltar celebrate Empire Day. There were 200 boys on parade under the Command of Major O H Pedley. Messrs J & L Abrines treated all those on parade to breakfast at the Café Universal.

- Colours are presented to the 1st. (Prince Louis of Battenberg's Own) Gibraltar Scout Troop by Mr. Alfred C Morasso, Barrister-at-Law.

- The Scout Association in the United Kingdom is granted a Royal Charter of Incorporation.

- The Clubroom of the 2nd. Gibraltar Troop is burgled and vandalised.

- Boy Scouts and Boys' Brigade members from Gibraltar camp at Campamento, Spain.

- A contingent made up of 21 Boy Scouts and 24 Boy's Brigade members sail to Malaga, Spain, on the MV "Gibel Dersa". Mr R S Capurro accompanied the contingent; Mr A Adams both assisted by Mr S G Smith and Mr C Bramble
1913 - Gibraltar Boy Scouts recognised as a Branch of the Boy Scout Association of the United Kingdom.

-The registration form for the local Association, from the District Commissioner, Major O H Pedley, lists four Groups:

-1st. Gibraltar (Prince Louis of Battenberg's Own) under Scoutmaster Mr J E Bramble;

-2nd. Gibraltar under Scoutmaster Mr H D S Stooks;

-3rd. Gibraltar under Scoutmaster Mr A H Capurro;

-4th. Gibraltar under Scoutmaster Mr R S Capurro.

-The registration shows the combined strength of Scouts as being108.

(Peter Cook, Commonwealth Secretary of the Scout Association in a letter to Mr R Norton, Chief Commissioner, Gibraltar, notes "the Local Association Warrant is dated 7th. November, 1913, but from earlier correspondence there is evidence that both the 1st. and 2nd. Gibraltar Troops were functioning as early as 1910." Cook's letter is dated 1st. February, 1961.)

- The Gibraltar Branch's Country Badge approved by the Boy Scout Association in the United Kingdom.

- The Acting Governor announces that the Chief Colonial Scout had decided to adopt the one system of training only for the boys of Gibraltar, namely the Boy Scout System. The Boys' Brigade is to be disbanded with its Officers and boys joining the Boy Scout Association's Branch in Gibraltar.

(Note: Baden-Powell had, in 1903, and at Sir William Smith's instigation, set down a paper on how some of his Scouting practises might prove a useful attraction for boys. Sir William Smith was the founder of the Church of England's Boys' Brigade. Given the high proportion of Roman Catholic members of the Boys' Brigade in Gibraltar the conversion of the Brigade to Boy Scouts who had no particular religious affiliation made sense.)

- The Boy Scout Association and the Boys' Brigade of Gibraltar hold a Rally to mark Empire Day. The review officer was the Acting Governor, Major General Perrott, CB.

- May, 31st. Boys' Brigade is disbanded. The Commandant of The Boy's Brigade, Mr R Capurro was thanked for his work with The Brigade. It is noted that over 100 boys had been trained By the Brigade since its beginning in September of 1908.

- The 3rd. and the 4th. Boy Scout Troops are founded mainly by ex-members of the Boys' Brigade. The Scoutmasters were Bobby Capurro, Arturo Capurro, Nemesio Cortes and Frank Bishop.

- The members of the Band of the Boys' Brigade, mainly transferred to the 4th. Scout Troop, form the first Boy Scout Band in Gibraltar. The band was under the direction of Nemesio Cortes. The original Colours of the Troop is adapted from the Colours of the disbanded Boys' Brigade.

- Patrol Leader Alfred O Morasso of the 1st. Troop is presented with the Scout Association's decoration "The Silver Wolf" by the acting Governor, Major General Perrott for saving a lad from drowning and for the stopping of a runaway horse.

- The 1st. Troop under Mr J E Bramble and the Scout Commissioner Major O H Pedley go on board HMS "Prince of Wales" and are duly entertained by the Commander-in-Chief and then parade for His Serene Highness Prince Louis of Battenberg. Patrol Leader Alfred O Morasso is then called forward and His Serene Highness hands him the Boy Scouts Organisation's Certificate of Merit for saving life.

- In July a Gibraltar Boy Scout's Patrol attends the Imperial Boy Scout Exhibition at Birmingham. The Patrol was presented with a Diploma signed by the Founder by Baden-Powell himself.

- On the 22nd. August 20 members of the 2nd. Troop and 7 guests from the other Troops and 2 Scouts from Ceuta under Mr Adams, Assistant Commissioner, assisted by Scoutmaster H D S Stooks and Assistant Scoutmaster L S Furlough commence their annual camp at El Cobre, Spain.

- His Serene Majesty, the ex-Sultan of Morocco, inspects the 1st. Gibraltar (Prince Louise of Battenberg's Own) Scout Troop, during his visit to Gibraltar.

- Mr A W Adams who has been for two years Scoutmaster of the 2nd Troop is appointed Assistant Commissioner.

- Patrol Leader Hayward of the Curlew Patrol 3rd. Troop is awarded a certificate from the Humane Society, a Medal of Merit from the Boy Scouts H.Q. in London, and a Medal from the Junior Maritime League for gallant conduct in swimming to help his Scoutmaster who was in a state of exhaustion whilst bathing at Devil's Tongue.
1914 -The 5th. Gibraltar Sea Scout Troop is formed by Mr Ratcliffe RN (Scoutmaster) and with Royal Naval Recognition.

- On the 22nd. January the 2nd. Troop's orchestral band holds a concert at the Theatre Royal. The concert is well attended and highly acclaimed. The orchestra is under the direction of Mr Gustavo Belloti.

- The 2nd. Troop forms the first Wolf Cub Pack in Gibraltar.

- Mr J E Bramble in a letter to Alfred Morasso in the USA notes that "the Girl Guides have made good progress. Miss Baker has taken "Captain" and is going in strong. They number 10 and next week intend to appear in uniform."

- It is reported that there is now over 150 Scouts in Gibraltar

1915 - On the arrival of the first batch of wounded sailors and soldiers from the Dardanelles, Mr W A Adams, Assistant Commissioner, arranges for twenty-nine Boy Scouts to assist the wounded. The authorities later report that these Boy Scouts proved most useful in many ways in connection with the transport of the sick and the wounded.

- On the 6th. August, Frederick Roberts, a Patrol Leader of the 2nd. Gibraltar Scout Troop dies from burns received from an explosion at Robert's Pharmacy. At his funeral on the 8th. August six Boy Scouts act as pall bearers the Boy Scout Buglers sound "The Last Post".

- A patriotic meeting is held at the Theatre Royal on the 27th. June. The origin of the meeting was to explain the origin and formation of the "Gibraltar Volunteer Corps" in "defence of their country and of their hearths and homes". A large number of volunteers enrolled in the Corps. At the conclusion of the meeting the Band of the Gibraltar Boy Scouts "piped the members of the Gibraltar Volunteer Corps back to Orange Bastion, followed by crowds of ladies and gentlemen. They also played patriotic airs during the intervals."
1916 - The Scoutmasters of the 3rd. and the 4th. Troops are appointed by the Governor of Gibraltar and Commander-in-Chief to command the two Companies of the Gibraltar Volunteer Corp. (Note The Gibraltar Volunteer Corps was the forerunner of the Gibraltar Defence Force which later became the Royal Gibraltar Regiment.)

- Scouting is temporarily interfered with owing to the formation of the Gibraltar Volunteer Corps. With the Scoutmasters of the 3rd. and the 4th. Gibraltar Scout Group appointed to command of Gibraltar Volunteer Corps Companies and many of the older Scouts volunteering for the Corps.

- By St. George's Day (April, 23rd) the five Scout Troops were back in Parade.

- On the 4th. June, at the invitation of the President of the Spanish Scouts, the five troops march to La Linea, 111 strong, to take part I the inauguration ceremony of the newly-formed Troops there. The San Roque, Campamento, and Puente Mayorga Scouts also take part in the ceremony, the whole totalling 450 Boy Scouts, including the 200 new La Loin Boy Scouts. Colonel Triecharte, the Secretary General of the Central Boy Scout Association in Madrid was present.

- On the 17th. June thirty of the La Linea Boy Scouts pay a visit to Gibraltar and are met at the gates of the fortress by the Scout Band and played to the 5th. Gibraltar Sea Scouts' room a Ragged Staff.
1917 - The Troops hold a St. George's Day Rally at the Alameda Parade Ground. At this Parade Mr Adams (Assistant Commissioner) and Mr Bramble (District Scoutmaster) are both presented with the "Medal of Merit".
1918 - Rover Scouts start in the United Kingdom for lads over 16 years of age.

- John Vincent, a Patrol Leader of the 5th. Troop Sea Scouts, is presented with the Boy Scout's Gilt Cross for "saving life". The presentation is carried out by Mr Edward Wilder, Scoutmaster of the 5th. Troop Sea Scouts.

- Gibraltar Boy Scouts used as messengers, signallers, and ambulance men assisting in the landing of casualties at Gibraltar and their conveyance to hospitals during the First World War.
1919 - Captain J E Douglas RA, late Assistant commissioner in Gibraltar, now in England, sends the following report to the Boy Scouts Official Gazette in London:

"In April, the Gibraltar Boy Scouts visit Seville, Spain. Twenty Scoutmasters with nearly 180 Boy Scouts leave Gibraltar on HMS "Crocodile" and travel to Seville. The Gibraltar Boy Scouts are met by Senor Alcain, Commissioner fort Boy Scouts in Seville, several Scoutmasters and a Troop of Seville Boy Scouts, who escort them to their quarters. A Spanish Bugle Band led the column and took turns with the pipers of the 5th. Gibraltar Sea Scout Troop, and the Brass Band of the 4th. Gibraltar Boy Scout Troop in keeping up a lively flow of music 'en route'. They witness the transference of the remains of the Comtesse de Paris to a Spanish gunboat for conveyance to England. All Arms of the Spanish Army are represented, including mountain Batteries and some magnificent cavalry.

- A Rally is held. Scouts from Madrid and other large towns are present, and the Rally is attended by high civil, military and ecclesiastical officials. Troop Colours are carried to their positions on either side of the altar, which has been specially erected, to a salute of twenty-one guns from the 5th. Gibraltar Sea Scout Troop's gun. Mass was celebrated, the Municipal Band of Seville playing during the Service; following which the Spanish Boy Scouts renewed their Promises by saluting the flag. The 5th. Gibraltar Sea Scout Troop then gave a fine display, after which cheers were given for the King, for Spain, and for Seville. A column is then formed for a march through the town to the house of the Governor of Seville. His Excellency appears on the balcony and receives the salutes of the Boy Scouts as they march past.

-A banquet is given by the Madrid Commissioner to which representatives of the Gibraltar and the Spanish Troops are invited. A letter from the Chief Scout, Sir Robert Baden-Powell is handed around. The letter expresses his deep regret that his official duties had forced him to go on a trip to America, and prevents him from being present at the Seville Rally.

- The Gibraltar Boy Scouts see the sights of Seville under the kind guidance of the Spanish Scouts, and take up a kind invitation to attend the theatre.

-HMS 'Crocodile' leaves with the Scouts for Gibraltar. Before dismissing the Scouts raise three hearty cheers for Lieutenant Payser RN, the Captain of the ship, and his officers, for Mr Wilder RN, for his admirable organisation of the whole expedition, and for Mr Cortes for his services as Scoutmaster- in-Charge of the Land Scouts.

-The expedition had lasted from Sunday to the following Thursday.
1920 - A large contingent of Gibraltar Scouts attend the first Boy Scout Jamboree held at Olympia, London. At this Jamboree Baden- Powell is acclaimed as the Chief Scout of the World. The Pipes and Drums of the 5th. Gibraltar Sea Scouts perform at the Jamboree.
1921 - Baden-Powell is created a Baronet, he becomes Lord Baden- Powell of Gilwell.

- Major Lucas, the Overseas Visiting Commissioner of the United Kingdom's Boy Scout Association, visits the Scouts in Gibraltar.

- Both the Brass Band of the 4th. Gibraltar Boy Scout Group and the Pipes and Drums of the 5th. Gibraltar Sea Scouts in attendance at the St. George's Day Rally.

- Baden-Powell visits Gibraltar on the ss "Narkunda" on the way to India. The "Narkunda" was met at Gibraltar by a launch manned by Sea Scouts. B.-P. and Lady Baden-Powell were taken by the Sea Scout launch to Ragged Staff wharf where they were met by H.E. The Governor (the local Chief Scout) and the Gibraltar Scout's Commissioner. Two Scout cyclists from each Troop formed an escort to accompany the Baden-Powells' car to the Alameda Grand Parade were a Rally is held. The Rally was under the command of Mr. J E Bramble. The Band of the 4th. Group played during the Rally.

- Boy Scouts of Gibraltar are to the fore on the occasion of the visit of HIH The Crown Prince of Japan to Gibraltar. The Boy Scouts provide a Guard of Honour at Government House and the Boy Scouts' Brass Band accords The Prince a "Royal Salute" and renders the Prince the Japanese National Anthem. Boy Scouts later act as guides and interpreters for the Spanish drivers of the Prince's motorcade on their tout of the Rock and the visits to various Officers' Messes.

- A Training Camp for Scout Officers is held at the South Barracks in July
1922 - "Rovering to Success" ("Life Support for Young Men) is written and published by B.-P.

- There is an official visit to Gibraltar by the Boy Scouts and Girl Guides of Ceuta.

- The Bye-Laws of the Boy Scout Association (Gibraltar Branch) approved and passed by Imperial Headquarters.

- The local press reporting on the adventurous activities the 2nd. Gibraltar Scout Group dubbed the Group as "Los Locos" a title in which the Group take great pride.
1923 - B.-P. awarded the GCVO.

- The 4th. Troop camp in the area of Marbella, Spain. The Troop is invited to attend the traditional "Hoisting of the Banner of King Ferdinand" commemorating the relief of Marbella from the Moors in 1485.

The Troop goes on excursions to an iron mine and a sugar refinery in the area and the Band holds displays in various locations.
1924 - A football match between the First Division Battle Squadron, Royal Navy, and the Garrison is held in aid of the attendance of a contingent of Boy Scouts of Gibraltar at the Imperial Boy Scout Jamboree, to be held at Wembley, England. £30-9-9d cleared.

- A War Memorial Tablet from the Gibraltar Residents in Argentina is unveiled by His Excellency The Governor, General Sir Charles C Monro, GCB, GCSI, GCMG, at the request of Mr Jose Pallache, President of the Association of Gibraltar Residents in Argentina at the City War Memorial in Line Wall Esplanade. Music for the occasion, and the playing of the National Anthem, is provided by the Band of the Boy Scouts.

- Empire Day festivities. Scouts are entertained to breakfast at the Café Universal by the Messrs Abrines.

- The Rover Scouts of the 1st. Group hike from Gibraltar to Marbella, Spain.

- In June 185 Boy Scouts from Gibraltar are entertained at Government House where a drill display is given in the grounds.

- In June about £30 is collected at a Jumble Sale organised by the Boy Scouts at Orange Bastion. His Excellency, The Governor, Lady Munro, and Lord Charnwood attend the event.

- On the 20th. July the Boy Scouts selected to attend the Jamboree are inspected by His Excellency, The Governor, at the Exchange Building. £480-19-8d collected for the purpose of sending the Scout contingent to the Jamboree in England.

- On the 27th. July the contingent of Scouts going to the Jamboree departs on the Orient Liner "Osterley".

- In August the contingent of Boy Scouts from Gibraltar attends The Imperial Boy Scout Jamboree held at Wembley, England.

- The contingent of Scouts having attended the Imperial Scout Jamboree in Wembley, England, returns on the Orient Liner "Osterley"
- Official visit of 50 Boy Scouts from La Linea to Gibraltar.
1925 - A Branch of the Girl Guides Association is founded in Gibraltar.

- The Gibraltar Directory of the year lists the following:

Boy Scouts


Colonial Chief Scout and President of the Branch:


H.E. The Governor, General Sir Charles Carmichael Monro,
Bt. GCB GCSB


Patron of Sea Scouts: Rear Admiral W M Ellerton, CB, RN
(Succeeded by Rear Admiral R A W Stapleton-Cotton CBE MVO as from 7th. March)


Vice President: H J King Esq JP
(Solicitor of the Supreme Court of Judicature, England;

Commissioner for Gibraltar: Major O H Pedley OBE JP


Assistant Commissioner: R S Capurro Esq
(Later Lt. Col. And Honorary Aide-de-Camp tto H.E. The Governor))


Hon. Secretary: Major J W Tompkins MC RA
(The Garrison Adjutant and Quartermaster)


Hon. Treasurer: C B Beanland Esq


Troops


1st. Gibraltar (The Marquis of Milford Haven's) Own,
Orange Bastion
Assistant Scoutmaster R C Bradfield


2nd. Gibraltar Troop
Orange Bastion
Scoutmaster J E Griffin


4th. Gibraltar Troop
Orange Bastion
Scoutmaster N P Cortes


5th. Gibraltar Troop (Sea Scouts)
Ragged Staff
Scoutmaster H M Olivero


Cub Packs

Gibraltar Wolf Cub Pack
Orange Bastion
Asst. Scoutmasters A Patron and A S Prescott

1927 - The 1st and 2nd. Groups hold a Joint Camp in the San Roque areas, Spain. During the camp the Scouts assist the local authorities in fighting a forest fire.
1928 - The first Rover Crew is formed in Gibraltar by the 2nd. Gibraltar Scout Group. Mr Azzopardi becomes the first Rover Mate.
1929 - Baden-Powell arrives for a short visit to Gibraltar. B.-P. meets with General Sir Alexander Godley, Governor and Chief Scout of Gibraltar, who had been a comrade of B.-P. at the Siege of Mafeking. There is a Combined Rally of Boy Scouts and Girl Guides held, including Scouts from Malaga, Ceuta and Algeciras, in honour of Sir Robert and Lady Baden-Powell, the Governors of Gibraltar and Algeciras were present at the Rally.

- The Boy Scouts of Gibraltar celebrate the 21st. Anniversary of their founding.

- The Troop of the 2nd. Group camp in Campamento, Spain, in preparation for the Arrow Park Jamboree.

- The St. Alphage (Hounslow) Scout Group visits Gibraltar.

- A Contingent of 1,100 Italian Boy Scouts arrives at Gibraltar, including two sons of the Duce, Sgr. Mussolini, on the s.s."Cesare Baliesti".

- The 2nd. Group forms a Rover Crew.

- A large contingent of Gibraltar Boy Scouts attends the "Coming of-Age" Jamboree held at Arrowe Park, Birkenhead, England.
1930 - Mr. P B Neville, Headquarter Commissioner, visits the Boy Scouts of Gibraltar.
1931 - The Troop of the 5th. Gibraltar Sea Scouts (numbering 39) visits London as guests of the 3rd. Hendon Scout Group.
1932 - The St. George's Day Rally is held at the Naval Ground with Boy Scouts from Morocco and Spain present. Commandante Enrique del Castillo, in command of the Carabineros of La Linea, Spain, is made Honourary Scoutmaster of the 5th. Gibraltar Sea Scouts.

- The death occurs of Mr James Bramble. James Bramble was the founding Scoutmaster of the Boy Scouts of Gibraltar and then the District Scoutmaster, Principal Badge Examiner and the Badge Secretary of the Gibraltar Branch of the Scout Association.

- Wolf Cubs of the 6th. Group visit Tangier under their Cubmaster, Marco Benabu.

- Mrs Benoy is welcomed as the Cubmistress of the 7th. Brympton School Group.
1933 - Lord Baden-Powell and Lady Baden-Powell visit Gibraltar in March. A Rally is held in their honour at which Spanish Boy Scouts participate. H.E. The Governor and Chief Scout of Gibraltar, and Lady Godley, host a dinner party in honour of the Baden-Powells.

- A Contingent of 3 Boy Scouts from Gibraltar attend the World Boy Scout Jamboree in Godollo, Hungary. The Contingent was made up of Rover Squire A H T Saunders, Rover Second G R Bush and J W Cummings.
1934 - Baden-Powell, Chief Scout, and Lady Baden-Powell, Chief Guide, arrive at Gibraltar on the Ss "Adriatic" together with 680 Scouters and Guiders. A local Jamboree is being held at the time with the local Boy Scouts camping with Spanish, French and a contingent of Hebrew Scouts from Spain and Morocco. The Chief Scout is unable to disembark as he is unwell but Lady Baden-Powell, together with the 680 Scouters and Guiders from the ship, visit the local Jamboree. H.E. The Governor, General Sir C H Harrington, who was accompanied by Lady Harrington, addresses the gathering.

- In October Lord and Lady Baden-Powell return to Gibraltar on the ss "Orama". On arrival H.E. The Governor, General Sir C H Harrington, and Lady Harrington, the naval, military and civilian authorities and representatives of the Boy Scout and Girl Guide, meet them.

-A Rally is held, including Scouts and Guides from Malaga and Tangier. H.E., The Governor and Lord and Lady Baden-Powell address the Rally. The very distinguished guests were later entertained at Government House and left for Las Palmas at noon on the same vessel.

- The Pipe and Drum Band of the 5th. Gibraltar Sea Scout Group, under Group Scoutmaster O Mifsud, visit and perform in a Boy Scout gathering in Malaga, Spain.

- It is reported that there are now three Packs of Wolf Cubs in Gibraltar (totalling 65 Wolf Cubs). The most recent Pack is the 7th. Brympton School Group.

- The first St. George's Day Service is held at Windsor Castle.